Wednesday, September 30, 2009

Malaysia Today

I received this in my mailbox today:

Dear all I am sending a few of the following articles from MT, because many of us including myself are unable to access MT.


How does corruption affect us? Let me count the ways (UPDATED WITH CHINESE TRANSLATION)
Posted by admin
Tuesday, 29 September 2009 18:10

But PAS does not declare war on corruption. PAS declares war on beer and sexy women. PAS does not understand that corruption and poverty is the real enemy. Poverty enslaves us. Corruption makes us even poorer.


Raja Petra Kamarudin

Most Malaysians don’t think twice about the level of corruption in this country. Some even welcome it. How many times have you illegally parked your car or dashed through a red light and paid the policeman a bribe of RM50 or RM100 to save paying a RM300 fine if you are issued a summons?

And that is cheap, mind you. In the police lockup, we have to pay the policemen RM100 for a three-minute local phone call and RM10 for a stick of cigarette. So that comes to RM200 per packet. I paid RM200 for one night’s ‘protection’. For RM200 I was placed in a ‘special’ lockup where a detainee awaiting trial for murder took me under his wing so that the others could not get at me. He even threw in a cigarette as part of the ‘package’.

And it costs RM250,000 for a drug dealer to escape the gallows.

My wife, who in 2001 was detained overnight in the women’s section of the police lockup, the same night I was arrested, spoke to one Indonesian woman who was on her second drug dealing arrest. The first time she and her husband were arrested they had to pay RM500,000 for both of them to get released. They were trying to arrange another RM500,000 to get out of this second arrest. So that came to RM1 million for two arrests. Imagine how much they must be making dealing in drugs. More importantly, imagine how much the police are making each time they get arrested.

I spoke to many of my Chinese businessmen friends and they admitted that it is easier to do business when corruption is involved. This saves time since you can bypass the normal requirements and get your applications approved much faster by just bribing the government officers. Sometimes, when you are not ‘eligible’, you can become eligible by paying bribes. So bribes actually help when faced with certain obstacles -- and there are definitely many 'obstacles' when dealing with governments in third world countries like Malaysia.

When corruption does not affect you directly you are not too concerned about it. It is like crime. As long as the robbers do not break into your home to rob you and rape your wife or daughter then who bothers too much about the high level of crime? It is when it is you that is hit that you become outraged about the high crime rate and the low level of police enforcement and lack of effort to combat crime.

Is it not those who suffer or suffered from cancer, or have lost a loved one to cancer, who gets involved in anti-cancer movements or associations? How many of us who never had to face cancer would want to donate generously to the anti-cancer effort? We never bother about something that does not affect us. And the same goes for other things as well, such as corruption and whatnot.

But corruption does affect us, contrary to what many may be thinking. Sometimes it affects us directly. Most times, indirectly.

An average of ten people die each day on Malaysian roads. Many more are seriously injured or maimed, sometimes resulting in them no longer being able to work and earn a living. The main reason for this is that Malaysians do not know how to drive.

Now, let there not be any confusion over this statement. Malaysians may have a valid driving licence. But Malaysians do not know how to drive. Do you know that in some European countries you can exchange your Singapore driving licence for a driving licence of your host country? But they will not accept a Malaysian driving licence. Malaysian driving licences tak laku (have no value).

I know someone, now deceased, who had a driving licence but could not even reverse her car out of the driveway. How in heaven’s name did she pass her driving test and get a licence if she can’t even reverse her car? And for sure she can’t drive.

Well, she told me. The driving school has two schemes. One is the ‘guaranteed to pass your driving test’ scheme -- which means you will pass your driving test and get a driving licence even if you can’t drive. The other scheme involves you taking the driving test and passing it all on your own.

The trouble with this legitimate scheme, though, is that even if you know how to drive they will still fail you as ‘punishment’ for refusing to participate in the ‘guaranteed to pass’ scheme. So it is better to pay, even if you can drive, and especially if you can’t, to be assured off a driving licence.

So, about ten people a day die on Malaysian roads because most of them have a driving licence but do not know how to drive. And those who die could be you, a family member, an office colleague, or a close friend. In short, that person who died in the traffic accident could be someone you know or someone close to you.

Therefore, corruption does affect you when you lose someone because of corruption -- or if it is you who dies. If this person were forced to learn how to drive properly before being given a licence then maybe he or she would still be alive today. I have personally lost scores of friends and relatives due to traffic accidents over the last 50 years or so. Sometimes it is their fault. The sad part is when the accident is someone else’s fault and you are a victim of reckless or inconsiderate drivers who have absolutely no road sense whatsoever.

I have also lost people dear to me due to poor medical facilities. There are not enough hospital beds in the intensive care unit or not enough dialysis machines or whatever, which results in poor medical facilities. And these people had to die because of this.

It is not that Malaysia does not have enough money to improve its medical facilities. It is that Malaysia spends the money for the wrong reasons -- and spends too much on top of that because there are kickbacks and commissions involved in every project and procurement. So medical facilities take a back seat and many of us have lost friends, colleagues and relatives because they were denied prompt or proper medical treatment.

If the money had not been wasted and had instead been spent for the right purposes -- medical and education being the two most important -- then Malaysia would be a much better place. As it is, our medical and educational facilities are below the so-called first world infrastructure that we are so proud of.

We have the best weapons. We have fantastic bridges, buildings and roads. Heck, we even have submarines now. But we are extremely lacking when it comes to medical and educational facilities. And health and education are far more important than all those white elephants and monuments that swallow billions but bring no income to the country, as would most white elephants and monuments.

Cars cost a lot in Malaysia. That, again, is due to corruption. If the government allowed a free-for-all in the car industry then cars would cost much cheaper than they do now. But they can’t allow a free-for-all. They can’t because cronies of those who walk in the corridors of power are making a lot of money from the car import permits and whatnot. So Malaysians have to pay double what they should actually be paying for their cars. But their salaries are not double what they should be.

So you end up a slave of your car instead of the car being your slave. You work for your car when your car should instead be working for you. And because of the sorry state of public transport you have no choice but to own a car. You just can’t get around without a car like you can in so many other countries.

After paying for your car what do you have left at the end of the day? Most times, because of your car, you can’t afford a decent home. Malaysians are actually very poor. The cost of living is so high while the salaries are very low. And corruption keeps Malaysians poor.

So perish the thought if you thought corruption does not affect you. It does, in more ways than you realise. And only naïve people would believe that corruption does not personally affect them or is actually beneficial to business. Malaysians are paying a heavy price for corruption. And the worse thing is we do not even realise we are paying.

Malaysians pay billions in all forms of taxes. But a lot of this money does not come back to us. It gets flushed down the toilet. Billions are lost -- RM30 billion by some estimates. And this is our money. Imagine if we had to pay only RM0.30 for a litre of petrol or RM1.80 for a packet of cigarette or RM50,000 for a Honda Civic. Would you not have more money left in your pocket? Nowadays, your money is finished by the tenth day of the month and you have to wait another 20 days for your next paycheque.

Don’t even start talking about saving money for a rainy day. This is just not possible. Corruption has taken away all your money whereas considering how rich this country is we should not even be asked to pay taxes or, even if we are, it could be a very minimum level that hardly hurts us.

For decades, the opposition has been fighting for the government to set a fair minimum wage appropriate to the cost of living. But the government does not agree to the RM900 per month minimum wage proposal.

In fact, even RM900 is still too low. Countries like the UK have announced that the minimum wage will now be adjusted to about RM35 per hour. That is what some Malaysians earn in a day. Yet the price of cigarettes in the UK is almost the same as in Malaysia. And so goes for many other things as well -- while cars are half the price or less compared to Malaysia.

No, Malaysians are poor. You earn so much less and have to pay so much more. Then corruption takes away what little you have left. And Malaysians still believe that corruption does not affect them directly.

And that is why I am of the opinion that PAS is not focused. They should be addressing the core issues. And the core issue here is corruption and how it affects us. Banning beer or sexy singers from appearing on stage does not offer Malaysians a better life. Even if beer and sexy singers are banned Malaysians will still remain poor. And we will remain poor because our money is being plundered and our low salaries and high taxes do not allow us a decent life.

Prophet Muhammad declared war on riba’ (usury). Riba’ basically means making money from no effort of your own. And, according to Sheikh Imran Hossein, there are 80 levels of riba’, corruption being one of them (since corruption involves making money in a dishonest manner and from no effort of your own).

But PAS does not declare war on corruption. PAS declares war on beer and sexy women. PAS does not understand that corruption and poverty is the real enemy. Poverty enslaves us. Corruption makes us even poorer.

PAS should take up the Prophet’s real fight, the fight against corruption and poverty. And poverty is the breeding ground of corruption. When you are broke one week after receiving your salary you need to resort to corruption to survive.

Translated into Chinese at:


The attacks on Malaysia Today (UDPATED WITH CHINESE TRANSLATION)
Posted by admin
Monday, 28 September 2009 16:21

The MCMC has in the past failed to silence Malaysia Today officially through blocking it in August 2008. Now, with even more revelations of various scandals of the government exposed through this site, we can't help but suspect that there is a more significant force, a hidden hand at play aimed at bringing down Malaysia Today.


Raja Petra Kamarudin

First of all, I have received tons of happy birthday messages via SMS, Facebook, e-mails and postings on this site. Initially, I tried to reply to all these messages one by one but as the messages flooded in I found it impossible to reply to each and every message individually. Therefore, I would like to say thank you and at the same time apologise to all those I was not able to personally reply to.

Now, you may have noticed that of late Malaysia Today has been ‘off the air’ almost every day, sometimes for a stretch of many hours. This has been going on for more than a week. The man leading our technical team thought that maybe we should inform our readers about what is happening so that you can be kept abreast of the developments. Rest assured we are doing everything we can to solve this problem.

Nevertheless, there is just so much we can do. Money, of course, is one issue that we have to address, as what would be required does cost us quite a sum. Money aside, though, if they choose to continue the attacks, even money can’t solve the problem. We just have to pick ourselves up and start all over again whenever we are hit and bear the disruptions to the site with a stiff upper lip.

Anyway, let our technical team explain what is the problem we have been facing.

What happened to Malaysia Today

By Malaysia Today’s technical team

With so much confusion and speculation making its rounds about what is happening to Malaysia Today over more than a week, we are compelled to offer our explanation so that the record can be set straight. Only limited technical details will be mentioned to allow you to appreciate the scale of challenge the site is facing.

You may now be aware that the site has been up and down since Friday, 17 September 2009. This was due to malicious activities by those behind the effort to cripple Malaysia Today. This is just one of the many rounds of cyber-attacks that we at Malaysia Today have had to face for more than a year now.

Coincidentally, this latest round of attacks started immediately after RPK’s explosive expose two weeks ago on Tuesday regarding the Malaysian Cabinet's knowledge and 'approval' of the PKFZ scandal long before it became public knowledge. Suspicious activities against the site happened as early as Wednesday, but the first damage was done in the afternoon of Thursday, which brought the site down.

The site was quickly recovered and by 6.00pm we were up and running again although with some loss of data. The attack revolved around the long-time problem faced by the site - a rather old version of Joomla content management system and the use of third-party components.

Lack of resources (financial, manpower, etc.) has always been a challenge faced by Malaysia Today, which affected the maintenance and operations of the site. During the recovery process, we locked down the site to reduce the danger of further compromises.

The next wave of attacks came the following day on Friday. This time it was in a wave of DDoS traffic crippling one of our nodes at Singapore. The Singapore node operates with about 30Mbps of bandwidth, a luxury by Malaysian standards but far short if we need to match any serious DDoS attacks. The node was basically choked with illegitimate traffic. Typical of DDoS network attacks, the origin of the attacks is difficult to pinpoint and sometimes pointless as the attack agents/zombies are likely compromised systems themselves.

We then activated our resources at our US node to recover the site. The process required optimisation of the site to cope with demand. (The demand on the site seemed much higher, possibly due to the interest on the PKFZ expose.) Hence the intermittent site outage, due to either overloading or optimisation process.

Being a service provider of a larger scale and sophistication, the US node has a higher capability of sustaining the attacks. Still, the attacks persisted on a daily basis and we tried deflecting them as far as we could. The DDoS traffic we suffered ranged from 227Mbps to 835Mbps, a mammoth scale for anyone familiar with maintaining Internet sites. The attacker does not appear interested in defacing the website, typical of self-styled college hackers. He/she just deleted articles published on Malaysia Today, literally one by one, with the single-minded aim of erasing all the explosive stuff on the site.

Further complicating the trace of attacks is the use of free proxy servers, on random basis, by the attackers. This is an irony, as we have been advising our users to use such proxy servers to overcome any potential content filtering by the government.

All the malicious activities and behaviours bear the hallmark of professional, for-hire hackers. These are certainly no amateurs, judging from the persistence and frequency of the attacks, with the main objective of making the content of Malaysia Today inaccessible to the public.

We believe that there is NO explicit blocking of the site by the various Malaysian ISPs. The inconsistent and intermittent accessibility of the site in the past many days are the result of the situation described above, although we must caution that it is almost impossible to detect any clandestine censorship.

The MCMC has in the past failed to silence Malaysia Today officially through blocking it in August 2008. Now, with even more revelations of various scandals of the government exposed through this site, we can't help but suspect that there is a more significant force, a hidden hand at play aimed at bringing down Malaysia Today.



UMNO is the cancer of Malaysia
Posted by admin
Wednesday, 30 September 2009 11:12
By Richard Wee
Amazing?! For the 2nd time in a row, UMNO chooses a candidate tainted with corruption. They chose Rohaizat Othman at the recent by-election at Permatang Pasir. Rohaizat was disbarred as a lawyer for misusing clients’ funds.
Now for the Bagan Pinang by-election, they choose Tan Sri Isa Mohd Samad who was suspended by UMNO’s very own disciplinary board for money politics (read: corruption).
And the most amazing thing is that UMNO’s members from that branch wanted only Isa and even threatened to boycott the by-election if UMNO chose another candidate. The fact the Bagan Pinang’s UMNO branch demanded for Isa’s selection only reflects the kind of people who are members there.
But Najib must be so desperate to win a by-election, that he bowed to pressure and chose a tainted man like Isa. This selection of Isa is the consequence of many years of handouts in which UMNO gives out contracts to their members. And Isa is popular not because he is a quality intelligent leader, but a leader who knows how to manipulate the system to pass contracts to the relevant people.
All the noise from Najib that he wants transparency and accountability in his government is mere empty words and promises. By right, UMNO should discipline their members at Bagan Pinang for even threatening to boycott the election, but instead he chose the easy path for short-term gain.


Saturday, September 26, 2009

Dams Spell Doom For Sarawak Borneo Rainforests And Its Indigenous People

Sarawak is not the proverbial land flowing with milk and honey.

Sarawak, is a land where money grows on trees, money flows down the river, money grows on, within and inside mountains, and money gushes from beneath the earth. Literally.

With sun-drenched and rain-soaked virgin forests, blue skies and fertile soils, Sarawak should be the place on earth closest to paradise for its 30 or more racial groups and subgroups.

Instead, it is a world where some families in the corridors of power swim in untold riches while many of its people drown in poverty. A conundrum of a few filthy rich amidst many, many more dirt poor.

And yet Sarawak’s leaders, for the umpteenth time, claim to have brought development to the people. This cry gets louder each time big projects are on the drawing board. Or when an election is around the corner.

In fact, Sarawak’s economic growth benefits only a small portion of the population and results in increasingly desperate circumstances for the majority. The ugly truth is, most people in Sarawak still wallow in squalor with little or no access to clean water, healthcare or electricity.

Meanwhile, vast swathes of rainforest have fallen, rare wildlife has all but vanished, unknown species of biodiversity have been exterminated while waiting to discovered, dead fishes turn up in what was once pristine waters, and the unthinkable of unthinkables: Sarawak’s indigenous cultures have been driven to the verge of collapse.

To cap it all, in the latest madcap of fetishes, Sarawak will build 12 more dams cutting through the pulse of Borneo.

A dam is a gigantic monster reared up from the river, a hideous incongruous wall with its dripping concrete out of place, completely unnatural and incompatible with the landscape. This monstrosity is the dam that blocks the river, diverts its waters through huge tunnels which converts the energy to electricity.

To build a dam for the developmental cause first displace the indigenous people who will lose their claim to their ancestral land forever, cut down the tropical timber, build a concrete monster, and voila! convert the rest of the landgrab into oil palm plantations. Everything fits in so snugly, marriages in heaven could not have been made better.

Who benefits?

A few families in power. Those few people sitting atop the pyramid who get richer helping the economy to grow, while it does nothing for those at the bottom except to push them even lower into servitude and hopelessness.

Yet, from a statistical standpoint this is recorded as economic progress. That is the deceptive nature of GNP; economic growth results even when it profits only one person, even if the majority of the people are quagmired in debt.

This development agenda is in truth, “development aggression”, a wolf in sheep’s clothing. This “politics of development” is “politics of corruption”.

Yet - and that is the beauty of it all – everything is above board. Nothing is illegal. The system itself is built upon subterfuge and is by definition legitimate.

Even the statistics say so.

Sunday, September 20, 2009

Season's Greetings!

Selamat Hari Raya Adilfitri To All Our Muslim Friends!

To our non-Muslim friends in Malaysia,
enjoy a well-deserved break!

Wednesday, September 16, 2009

Malaysia Day, 16 September

Greetings from Sarawak!

It is fitting to debut my blog on 916, 2009.

Today, 16 September 2009, is the 46th anniversary of the formation of Malaysia.

On 31 August 2009, Malaysia celebrated its 52nd National Day. It is mathematical wizardry that between 16 September 1963 to 31 August 2009, Malaysia celebrates its 52nd year of independence, when 52 years ago, no such nation as Malaysia exists.

I contemplate Malaysia’s 46th birthday with a heavy heart.

Malaysia was conceived from a political merger of four political entities in its entirety as the federation of equal partnership: the independent Federation of Malaya and the British Crown colonies of North Borneo, Sarawak and Singapore.

Quote, ‘The days of imperialism are gone and it is not the intention of Malaya to perpetuate or revive them. When the Borneo territories become part of Malaysia, they will cease to be a colony of Malaya, they will be partners of equal status, no more and no less than the other States’, unquote, (Straits Times, 2nd October 1962). Note: The “other States” refer to the entities of Malaya, Singapore and Sarawak.

In 1965 Singapore beat a hasty retreat and seceded from Malaysia. The federal government immediately moved to amend the Federal Constitution to prevent future secession. Then the original formula of parliamentary representation of Malaya holding 53 seats (51%), Sabah 16, Sarawak 20 and Singapore 15 (jointly holding 49%) was recalibrated to dilute the voting powers of Sarawak and Sabah with the creation of more than 70 new parliamentary seats solely for the benefit of Malaya. Today out of 222 parliamentary seats, Sarawak holds 31 and Sabah 25, with 166 seats held by Semenanjung. Yes, from 31 out of 104 to 56 out of 222. There are 70 appointed senatorial positions of which Sarawak and Sabah have the right to appoint only two each. Yes again, that makes four out of 70 appointments in the Senate.

Sarawakians and Sabahans have been indoctrinated not to know of the 18-Points and 20-Points memoranda, agreements Sarawak and Sabah had with Malaya, which were fundamental to the conception of Malaysia. Yet these agreements which should be treated as sacrosanct, have instead been made a hyper-sensitive subject, worthy of ISA attention! The fact is, these points were deliberated and included in the InterGovernmental Committee as pre-conditions to the formation of Malaysia. These terms were accepted by the founding fathers of Malaysia as a safeguard for the present and future generations of both Sarawak and Sabah by being included in the InterGovernmental Committee, Malaysia Agreement and the Federal Constitution. Certain terms which were not incorporated were upon the understanding that these specific points would be implemented subsequently by way of legislation and undertaking.

The 20-Points Memorandum Revisited

Point 1: Religion
While there was no objection to Islam being the national religion of Malaysia there should be no State religion in North Borneo, and the provisions relating to Islam in the present Constitution of Malaya should not apply to North Borneo.

Point 2: Language
a. Malay should be the national language of the Federation
b. English should continue to be used for a period of 10 years after Malaysia Day
c. English should be an official language of North Borneo for all purposes, State or Federal, without limitation of time.

Point 3: Constitution
Whilst accepting that the present Constitution of the Federation of Malaya should form the basis of the Constitution of Malaysia, the Constitution of Malaysia should be a completely new document drafted and agreed in the light of a free association of states and should not be a series of amendments to a Constitution drafted and agreed by different states in totally different circumstances. A new Constitution for North Borneo (Sabah) was of course essential.

Point 4: Head of Federation
The Head of State in North Borneo should not be eligible for election as Head of the Federation.

Point 5: Name of Federation
“Malaysia” but not “Melayu Raya”.

Point 6: Immigration
Control over immigration into any part of Malaysia from outside should rest with the Central Government but entry into North Borneo should also require the approval of the State Government. The Federal Government should not be able to veto the entry of persons into North Borneo for State Government purposes except on strictly security grounds. North Borneo should have unfettered control over the movements of persons other than those in Federal Government employ from other parts of Malaysia into North Borneo.

Point 7: Right of Secession
There should be no right to secede from the Federation.

Point 8: Borneanisation
Borneanisation of the public service should proceed as quickly as possible.

Point 9: British Officers
Every effort should be made to encourage British Officers to remain in the public service until their places can be taken by suitably qualified people from North Borneo.

Point 10: Citizenship
The recommendation in paragraph 148(k) of the Report of the Cobbold Commission should govern the citizenship rights in the Federation of North Borneo subject to the following amendments:
a) sub-paragraph (i) should not contain the proviso as to five years residence
b) in order to tie up with our law, sub-paragraph (ii)(a) should read “7 out of 10 years” instead of “8 out of 10 years”
c) sub-paragraph (iii) should not contain any restriction tied to the citizenship of parents – a person born in North Borneo after Malaysia must be federal citizen.

Point 11: Tariffs and Finance
North Borneo should retain control of its own finance, development and tariff, and should have the right to work up its own taxation and to raise loans on its own credit.

Point 12: Special Position of Indigenous Races
In principle, the indigenous races of North Borneo should enjoy special rights analogous to those enjoyed by Malays in Malaya, but the present Malays’ formula in this regard is not necessarily applicable in North Borneo.

Point 13: State Government
a) the Prime Minister should be elected by unofficial members of Legislative Council
b) There should be a proper Ministerial system in North Borneo.

Point 14: Transitional Period
This should be seven years and during such period legislative power must be left with the State of North Borneo by the Constitution and not be merely delegated to the State Government by the Federal Government.

Point 15: Education
The existing educational system of North Borneo should be maintained and for this reason it should be under state control.

Point 16: Constitutional Safeguards
No amendment modification or withdrawal of any special safeguard granted to North Borneo should be made by the Central Government without the positive concurrence of the Government of the State of North Borneo
The power of amending the Constitution of the State of North Borneo should belong exclusively to the people in the state.

Point 17: Representation in Federal Parliament
This should take account not only of the population of North Borneo but also of its size and potentialities and in any case should not be less than that of Singapore.

Point 18: Name of Head of State
Yang di-Pertua Negara.

Point 19: Name of State

Point 20: Land, Forests, Local Government, etc.
The provisions in the Constitution of the Federation in respect of the powers of the National Land Council should not apply in North Borneo. Likewise, the National Council for Local Government should not apply in North Borneo.


In 1963 Sarawak and Sabah agreed to the formation of the federation of Malaysia on condition the interests, rights and autonomy of its peoples are protected and honoured, as enshrined in the 20 Points. The Malaysia Agreement was intended to be brought up for review on a periodic basis. This was never honoured and there was only one review in 1973 in respect of financial arrangements.

Instead, subtly but systematically, many constitutional amendments have been put in place to erode the political rights specific to Sarawak and Sabah. This diminutive chipping away, whittling down, nibbling away, is a series of master strokes by the federal government, like the metaphorical boiling frog syndrome, a Sorites paradox, with Sarawakians and Sabahans unaware of gradual change to eventual undesirable consequences … until too late.

Undefendingly with heads down, Sarawak and Sabah have been relegated to the status of being two of 13 states.

Can Sarawak and Sabah ever be in position again to chart our own destiny? The answer seems to be NO! Have we been shortchanged? YES!

Sarawak and Sabah, the poorest rich states, after 45 years of ‘independence’ and ‘development’, remain the cinderella. Opulently blessed by Mother Nature with oil, natural gas, rich agricultural land, mineral resources, yet its peoples wallow pitifully in poverty without the basic amenities of clean water, housing, healthcare, dental care, electricity, education and sanitation. Even the unique and precious blessing of racial harmony Sarawak and Sabah have known for centuries has been contaminated with the element of racial politics imported from across the South China Sea. Whilst our natural resources and wealth are being ripped off and looted by our politicians and their cronies, we remain third-world-status-with-first-class-assets, in terms of standard of living and quality of life.

Sarawak and Sabah must defend the true meaning of independence through the political platform of the federation of Malaysia, which is not and cannot be, a unitary state. Further desecration of the 20 Points must be prevented, and the rights of Sarawakians and Sabahans reinstated, deservedly accorded as contained in the IGC, Malaysia Act and the Federal Constitution. Native rights must be respected, and the poor regardless of race, religion and creed, must be empowered through the economic allocation of resources and due democratic process.